Radiofrequency ablation alone or in combination with cementoplasty for local control and pain palliation of sacral metastases: preliminary results in 11 patients

Thomas P. Madaelil, Adam N. Wallace, Jack W. Jennings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the safety and effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to treat sacral metastases for pain palliation and local tumor control (LTC). Materials and Methods: An institutional tumor ablation registry was retrospectively reviewed for sacral RFA procedures performed between January 2012 and December 2015. Clinical history, pre-procedural imaging, and procedural details were reviewed to document indication for treatment, primary tumor histology, tumor volumes, presence of concurrent cementoplasty after RFA, and the occurrence of peri-procedural complications. Pain scores before and 4 weeks after the procedure were recorded. Post-procedure imaging was reviewed for imaging evidence of tumor progression. Long-term complications and duration of clinical follow-up were recorded. Results: During the study period, 11 RFA procedures were performed to treat 16 sacral metastases. All procedures were for pain palliation. Four procedures (36 %; 4 out of 11) were also performed with the intention of achieving LTC in patients with oligometastatic disease. Concurrent cementoplasty was performed in 63 % of cases (7 out of 11). The median pain score decreased from 8 (interquartile range, 6–9.25) at baseline to 3 (interquartile range, 1.75–6.3) 1 month following RFA (P = 0.004). In the 4 patients with oligometastatic disease, LTC was achieved in 3 patients (75 %; 3 out of 4) after a median follow-up of 7.6 months (range, 3.6–11.9 months). No acute or long-term complications were documented during the overall median clinical follow-up of 4.7 months (range, 0.9–28.7 months). Conclusions: Radiofrequency ablation maybe a safe and potentially effective treatment for patients with painful sacral metastases and can achieve LTC in selected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1213-1219
Number of pages7
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Metastases
  • Procedure
  • Sacrum
  • Technique

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