The quantitative specificity of the STAT1 transcription factor was determined by measuring the relative affinity to hundreds of variants of the consensus binding site including variations in the length of the site. The known consensus sequence is observed to have the highest affinity, with all variants decreasing binding affinity considerably. There is very little loss of binding affinity when the CpG within the consensus binding site is methylated. Additionally, the specificity of mutant proteins, with variants of amino acids that interact with the DNA, was determined and nearly all of them are observed to lose specificity across the entire binding site. The change of Asn at position 460 to His, which corresponds to the natural amino acid at the homologous position in STAT6, does not change the specificity nor does it change the length preference to match that of STAT6. These results provide the first quantitative analysis of changes in binding affinity for the STAT1 protein, and several variants of it, to hundreds of different binding sites including different spacer lengths, and the effect of CpG methylation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8199-8207
Number of pages9
JournalNucleic acids research
Issue number14
StatePublished - Aug 21 2017


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