Quantifying "normalized" regional left ventricular contractile function in ischemic coronary artery disease

Matthew C. Henn, Brian P. Cupps, Julia Kar, Kevin Kulshrestha, Danielle Koerner, Alan C. Braverman, Michael K. Pasque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective When significant coronary lesions are identified by angiography, regional left ventricular (LV) contractile function often plays a role in determining candidacy for revascularization. To improve on current subjective and nonquantitative metrics of regional LV function, we tested a z-score "normalization" of regional strain information quantified from clinically acquired high-resolution LV geometric datasets. Methods Test subjects (n = 120) underwent cardiac MRI with multiple 3-dimensional strain parameters calculated from tissue tag-plane displacement data. Sixty healthy volunteers contributed strain parameter data at each of 15,300 LV grid points, to form a normal human strain database. Point-specific database comparisons were made in 60 patients who had documented coronary artery disease (CAD), by angiography. Patient-specific, color-coded 3-dimensional LV maps of z-score-normalized contractile function were generated. Results Blinded clinical review indicated that 55% (33 of 60) of the patients with CAD had significant regional contractile abnormalities by 1 of 3 "gold-standard" criteria: (1) Q waves on electrocardiography (ECG); (2) infarct on radionuclide single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT); or (3) akinesia or dyskinesia on echocardiography. Consistency among all gold-standard metrics was found for only 19% (6 of 31) of patients with CAD who had>2 available metrics. Blinded MRI-based, multiparametric, strain z-score localization of contractile abnormalities was accurate in 89% (ECG), 97% (SPECT), and 95% (echocardiography). Conclusions Nonsubjective normalization of regional LV contractile function by z-score calculation from a normal human strain database can localize and quantitatively display regional wall motion abnormalities in patients with CAD. This high-resolution localization of regional wall motion abnormalities may help improve the accuracy of therapeutic intervention in patients who have CAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-246
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume150
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Key Words MRI
  • contractility
  • coronary artery disease

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