Quantification of facial surface change using a structured light scanner

Gulab Bhatia, Michael W. Vannier, Kirk E. Smith, Paul K. Commean, Jane Riolo, V. Leroy Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Three-dimensional surface changes that accompany facial surgical procedures were measured noninvasively and evaluated quantitatively. An optical three-dimensional surface scanner with 360-degree surface coverage of a subject’s head and a subsecond data acquisition was used. The scanner employs six pairs of “white light” pattern projectors and digital TV cameras. A noncontact optical method to quantify facial surface morphology and objectively assess change resulting from reconstructive or cosmetic plastic surgery has been developed. This quantification technique was implemented and tested with the three-dimensional range scanner. This technique defines the entire surface of the head and face, as opposed to the conventional manual method of measuring surface points or facial landmarks. The method allows facial volume change assessment. The method was tested by repeatedly scanning a volunteer who was injected subcutaneously with known volumes of anesthetic solution. The measured and injected volumes were compared and showed little difference.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-774
Number of pages7
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1994


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