Three-dimensional surface changes that accompany facial surgical procedures were measured noninvasively and evaluated quantitatively. An optical three-dimensional surface scanner with 360-degree surface coverage of a subject’s head and a subsecond data acquisition was used. The scanner employs six pairs of “white light” pattern projectors and digital TV cameras. A noncontact optical method to quantify facial surface morphology and objectively assess change resulting from reconstructive or cosmetic plastic surgery has been developed. This quantification technique was implemented and tested with the three-dimensional range scanner. This technique defines the entire surface of the head and face, as opposed to the conventional manual method of measuring surface points or facial landmarks. The method allows facial volume change assessment. The method was tested by repeatedly scanning a volunteer who was injected subcutaneously with known volumes of anesthetic solution. The measured and injected volumes were compared and showed little difference.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Plastic and reconstructive surgery|
|State||Published - Nov 1994|