Objectives: To test the utility of various biomarkers as indicators of gut dysfunction in cystic fibrosis (CF) and determine whether intraindividual variations in these measures are repeatable over short intervals and whether interindividual variations correlate with clinical outcomes. Study design: We performed a cross-sectional, limited longitudinal study of children with CF aged 1-21 years who provided blood and stool samples at 2 or 3 visits, 2 weeks and 3 months apart, which were assayed for markers of intestinal inflammation (fecal calprotectin [fCal], lipocalin-2 [fLcn2], neopterin), and permeability (plasma lipopolysaccharide [LPS] antibodies, LPS-binding protein) by enzyme immunoassays. Control specimens were obtained from children without CF who had undergone esophagogastroduodenoscopy and had no evidence of gut inflammation. Results: Twenty-six of 29 participants with CF completed the study. Sixty-nine stools (57 case/12 control) and 76 plasmas (60 case/16 control) were analyzed. LPS antibody had reliable intraindividual stability. fCal, fLcn2, and neopterin were significantly greater in CF than in control samples. fCal was negatively correlated with 3-month interval change (Δ) in weight-for-age z-score, body mass index/weight-for-length z-score, and forced expiratory volume in 1 second. fLcn2 was negatively correlated with FEV1 but not with anthropometrics. No marker correlated with Δbody mass index/weight-for-length z-score or ΔFEV1. Conclusions: fLcn2 is elevated in people with CF and might predict worse interval pulmonary function. Expanded studies are warranted to test if fLcn2 correlates with changes in additional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113800
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • fecal calprotectin
  • fecal lipocalin-2
  • fecal neopterin
  • intestinal inflammation
  • intestinal permeability
  • plasma lipopolysaccharide antibody
  • plasma lipopolysaccharide-binding protein


Dive into the research topics of 'Quantification of Enteric Dysfunction in Cystic Fibrosis: Inter- and Intraindividual Variability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this