Quality of life, physical activity, and built environment characteristics among colombian adults

Olga L. Sarmiento, Thomas L. Schmid, Diana C. Parra, Adriana Díaz-Del-Castillo, Luis Fernando Gómez, Michael Pratt, Enrique Jacoby, José D. Pinzón, John Duperly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Studies assessing the association between health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) with physical activity (PA) and built environment (BE) characteristics are limited. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,334 adults from Bogotá, to assess the associations between HR-QOL with PA and BE characteristics. HR-QOL was measured using the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention instruments. PA was measured using the International PA Questionnaire. BE characteristics included the dimensions of density, diversity, design, and access to mass-transit. Analysis included multilevel modeling. Results: Adults who reported meeting PA recommendations and participating in the Ciclovía were more likely to have a high mean score of HR-QOL and were more likely to perceive their health status as good/excellent. Adults who reported biking for transportation were more likely to have a high mean score of HR-QOL. Regarding BE characteristics, land-use heterogeneity was associated with HR-QOL, perceived good health status and being positive about the future. Park density was associated with HR-QOL, perceived health status good/excellent and being positive about the future. Mass-transit stations availability was negatively associated with HR-QOL. Conclusion: This study provides preliminary evidence that HR-QOL is associated with PA and BE characteristics among adults in an urban setting of the developing world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S181-S195
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume7
Issue numberSUPPL.2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Keywords

  • Parks
  • Quality of life
  • Recreation
  • Transportation

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