Quality of Life Outcomes Among Patients Being Screened for Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in Thailand

Anika Kumar, Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Sakarin Ausayakhun, Atitaya Apivatthakakul, Yingna Liu, Blake M. Snyder, Todd P. Margolis, Jeremy D. Keenan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis can have debilitating impacts on quality of life (QOL), but few contemporary studies have characterized these ramifications. This study assessed the impact of CMV retinitis on vision-related QOL for those living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand. Methods: QOL was assessed as part of a prospective interventional cohort study of patients referred to a tertiary hospital in Thailand for CMV retinitis screening. A validated vision-related QOL questionnaire was administered at the baseline screening visit and at the 6-month study visit. Multivariable linear regression models were performed to determine the effect of CMV retinitis diagnosis on QOL score. Results: A total of 152 participants completed the QOL questionnaire at their initial clinic visit. At baseline, a diagnosis of CMV retinitis diagnosis was significantly associated with decreased QOL score: unilateral retinitis was associated with a 0.11 (95% CI: −0.26–0.03) decrement in QOL, and bilateral retinitis was associated with a 0.33 (95% CI: −0.51–0.16) decrement (joint P-value = 0.0009). For the 78 participants with a 6-month visit, changes in QOL from baseline were small and not significant. A diagnosis of CMV retinitis was still associated with decreased QOL score at 6 months (joint P-value = 0.03). Conclusions: This study found that vision-related QOL was lower in those with CMV retinitis, especially with bilateral involvement, and did not improve after treatment among those with follow-up. These findings reinforce the debilitating clinical manifestations of this disease, and support efforts for earlier screening to detect CMV retinitis before impacts on QOL have occurred.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • CMV
  • quality of life
  • retinitis

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