Quality of anticoagulation with warfarin in rural Chhattisgarh, India

Puja Chebrolu, Sushil Patil, Timothy Laux, Noor Al-Hammadi, Yogesh Jain, Brian Gage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In most of rural India, warfarin is the only oral anticoagulant available. Among patients taking warfarin, there is a strong association between poor control of the international normalized ratio (INR) and adverse events. This study was aimed to quantify INR control in a secondary healthcare system in rural Chhattisgarh, India. Methods: The INR data were retrospectively obtained from all patients taking warfarin during 2014-2016 at a secondary healthcare system in rural Chhattisgarh, India. Patients attending the clinic had their INR checked at the hospital laboratory and their warfarin dose adjusted by a physician on the same day. The time in therapeutic range (TTR) was calculated for patients who had at least two INR visits. Results: The 249 patients had 2839 INR visits. Their median age was 46 yr, and the median body mass index was 17.7 kg/m2. They lived a median distance of 78 km (2-3 h of travel) from the hospital. The median INR was 1.7 for a target INR of 2.0-3.0 (n=221) and 2.1 for a target of 2.5-3.5 (n=28). The median TTR was 13.0 per cent, and INR was subtherapeutic 66.0 per cent of the time. Distance from the hospital was not correlated with TTR. Interpretation and conclusions: INR values were subtherapeutic two-thirds of the time, and TTR values were poor regardless of distance from the health centre. Future studies should be done to identify interventions to improve INR control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-307
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Medical Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Anticoagulation
  • TTR
  • international normalized ratio
  • stroke
  • warfarin

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