Objective A variant of perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage (PSAH) has been described characterized by blood centered in the quadrigeminal cistern and limited to the superior vermian and perimesencephalic cisterns. Herein, three cases of quadrigeminal PSAH are presented. Materials and methods Medical records of all patients who underwent digital subtraction angiography for evaluation of non-traumatic SAH between July 2002 and April 2012 were reviewed. Patients with anterior circulation aneurysms were excluded. Two blinded reviewers identified admission noncontrast CT scans with pretruncal and quadrigeminal patterns of PSAH. Results The total cohort included 106 patients: 53% (56/106) with one or more negative digital subtraction angiograms and 47% (50/106) with posterior circulation or posterior communicating artery aneurysms. Three patients with quadrigeminal PSAH were identified, two with nonaneurysmal SAH and one with a posterior circulation aneurysm. Seventeen patients (16%; 17/106) with pretruncal PSAH were identified, none of whom were found to have an aneurysm. The quadrigeminal pattern comprised 11% (2/19) of cases of pretruncal or quadrigeminal nonaneurysmal PSAH. Conclusion A small subset of patients with nonaneurysmal PSAH present with blood centered in the quadrigeminal cistern, and the etiology of this pattern may be similar to that of the classic pretruncal variant. However, patients with quadrigeminal PSAH must still undergo thorough vascular imaging, including at least two digital subtraction angiograms, to exclude a ruptured aneurysm.
- Computed tomography angiography
- Digital subtraction angiography
- Nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
- Perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage
- Quadrigeminal perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage