Purification of GCT cell-derived human colony-stimulating factors

C. L. Erickson-Miller, C. N. Abboud, J. K. Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


We have purified human-active colony-stimulating factors from the human cell line, GCT, using sequential ultrafiltration; cation exchange, gel permeation, and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RHPLC); and ion-exchange HPLC. Activity eluted from sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels with a peak at 17,500 daltons. Similar results were obtained by processing 35S-methionine-labeled conditioned medium, which showed a labeled band in the same region of activity. This purified HPLC fraction, which had a specific activity of greater than 1 x 107 colonies/mg protein, stimulated neutrophil colonies at day 7 and neutrophil, neutrophil-macrophage, and eosinophil colonies at day 14 of culture, suggesting that it contained both granulocyte (G-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage (GM-CSF) colony-stimulating factors. It also promoted the growth of erythroid progenitors, and the GM-CSF fraction purified by hydrophobic chromatography had erythroid-enhancing activity. Separation of G-CSF from GM-CSF was accomplished by the addition of trifluoroacetic acid to the mobile phase at the reverse-phase HPLC step.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-189
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1988


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