The lipoprotein-associated coagulation inhibitor (LACI) is present in vivo in at least three different pools: sequestered in platelets, associated with plasma lipoproteins, and released into plasma by intravenous heparin, possibly from vascular endothelium. In this study we have purified the heparin-releasable form of LACI from post-heparin plasma and show that it is structurally different from lipoprotein LACI. The purification scheme uses heparin-agarose chromatography, immunoaffinity chromatography, and size-exclusion chromatography and results in a 185,000-fold purification with a 33% yield. Heparin-releasable LACI (HRL), as analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, under reducing conditions, appears as a major band at 40 Kd and a minor band at 36 Kd. Immunoblot analysis suggests that the 36-Kd band arises from carboxyl-terminus proteolysis that occurs during the purification. HRL has a specific activity similar to that of HepG2 or lipoprotein LACI. HRL and lipoprotein LACI combine with lipoproteins in vitro while purified HepG2 LACI does not. I125-labeled HRL, injected into a rabbit, is cleared more slowly than I125-labeled HepG2 LACI, which may be due to attachment to lipoproteins in vivo. Preliminary evidence suggests that HRL is associated with vascular endothelium, possibly by attachment to glycosaminoglycans.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1991|