Bovine somatotropin (bST) has been isolated from pituitary glands and compared in a variety of chemical analyses and bioassays with somatotropin derived from recombinant Escherichia coli. Comparison of pituitary extracts and purified bST by Western blot analysis of two-dimensional gels suggested that the immunoreactive somatotropin species present in the extract were also present in the purified material, with no significant losses or degradation as a result of the purification method. NH2-terminal sequence analysis indicated the presence of equal quantities of Ala-Phe-Pro-Ala-Met-Ser-Leu-Ser- and Phe-Pro-Ala-Met-Ser-Leu-Ser- sequences. The Met-Ser-Leu-Ser-NH2-terminal sequence, a degradation product observed in NIH standard lots, was not detected. Assay of bioactivity in a bovine liver receptor-binding assay and in a female rate growth assay showed pituitary bST and recombinant methionyl-bovine somatotropin to be equipotent. Tryptic maps and sequence analysis of pituitary-derived somatotropin suggest the presence of isoaspartate derivatization at Asp128.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1989|