Fifty-eight solid organ transplant recipients with zygomycosis were studied to assess the presentation, radiographic characteristics, risks for extra-pulmonary dissemination and mortality of pulmonary zygomycosis. Pulmonary zygomycosis was documented in 31 patients (53%) and developed a median of 5.5 months (interquartile range, 2-11 months) posttransplantation. In all, 74.2% (23/31) of the patients had zygomycosis limited to the lungs and 25.8% (8/31) had lung disease as part of disseminated zygomycosis; cutaneous/soft tissue (50%, 4/8) was the most common site of dissemination. Pulmonary disease presented most frequently as consolidation/mass lesions (29.0%), nodules (25.8%) and cavities (22.6%). Patients with disseminated disease were more likely to have Mycocladus corymbifer as the causative pathogen. The mortality rate at 90 days after the treatment was 45.2%. In summary, pulmonary zygomycosis is the most common manifestation in solid organ transplant recipients with zygomycosis, and disseminated disease often involves the cutaneous/soft tissue sites but not the brain.
- Pulmonary infection