The collectins are a class of collagenous lectin proteins present in serum and pulmonary secretions [pulmonary surfactant protein (SP) A and SP- D] that are believed to participate in innate immune responses to various pathogens. With the use of flow cytometric and fluorescent-microscopic assays, SP-A and SP-D were shown to increase calcium-dependent neutrophil uptake of Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus. Evidence is provided that the collectins enhanced bacterial uptake through a mechanism that involved both bacterial aggregation and direct actions on neutrophils. The degree of multimerization of SP-D preparations was a critical determinant of both aggregating activity and potency in enhancing bacterial uptake. The mechanisms of opsonizing activity of SP-D and SP-A differed in important respects from those of opsonizing antibodies. These results provide the first evidence that surfactant collectins may promote neutrophil-mediated clearance of bacteria in the lung independently of opsonizing antibody.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology|
|Issue number||6 18-6|
|State||Published - Jun 1998|
- Escherichia coli
- Streptococcus pneumoniae