Pulmonary Open, Robotic, and Thoracoscopic Lobectomy (PORTaL) Study: Survival Analysis of 6646 Cases

Michael S. Kent, Matthew G. Hartwig, Eric Vallières, Abbas E. Abbas, Robert J. Cerfolio, Mark R. Dylewski, Thomas Fabian, Luis J. Herrera, Kimble G. Jett, Richard S. Lazzaro, Bryan Meyers, Rishindra M. Reddy, Michael F. Reed, David C. Rice, Patrick Ross, Inderpal S. Sarkaria, Lana Y. Schumacher, Lawrence N. Spier, William B. Tisol, Dennis A. WigleMichael Zervos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze overall survival (OS) of robotic-assisted lobectomy (RL), video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (VATS), and open lobectomy (OL) performed by experienced thoracic surgeons across multiple institutions. Summary Background Data: Surgeons have increasingly adopted RL for resection of early-stage lung cancer. Comparative survival data following these approaches is largely from single-institution case series or administrative data sets. Methods: Retrospective data was collected from 21 institutions from 2013 to 2019. Consecutive cases performed for clinical stage IA-IIIA lung cancer were included. Induction therapy patients were excluded. The propensity-score method of inverse-probability of treatment weighting was used to balance baseline characteristics. OS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate association among OS and relevant risk factors. Results: A total of 2789 RL, 2661 VATS, and 1196 OL cases were included. The unadjusted 5-year OS rate was highest for OL (84%) followed by RL (81%) and VATS (74%); P=0.008. Similar trends were also observed after inverse-probability of treatment weighting adjustment (RL 81%; VATS 73%, OL 85%, P=0.001). Multivariable Cox regression analyses revealed that OL and RL were associated with significantly higher OS compared with VATS (OL vs. VATS: hazard ratio=0.64, P<0.001 and RL vs. VATS: hazard ratio=0.79; P=0.007). Conclusions: Our finding from this large multicenter study suggests that patients undergoing RL and OL have statistically similar OS, while the VATS group was associated with shorter OS. Further studies with longer follow-up are necessary to help evaluate these observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1002-1009
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023


  • lobectomy
  • lung cancer
  • robotics


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