Psychosocial correlates of sun-protective practices of preschool staff toward their students

A. S. James, M. K. Tripp, G. S. Parcel, A. Sweeney, E. R. Gritz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The skin cancer rate in the US has been increasing faster than that for other cancers. Most skin cancers are related to sun exposure and the majority of exposure occurs before adulthood. Thus, children are an important target group to study and preschools can be useful avenues for delivering sun-protection messages. The current study examines the behaviors of pre-school staff in protecting students from sun exposure and investigates factors related to sun-protective practice. Preschool staff (n = 245) were surveyed about their sun-protective practices toward students as the cross-sectional baseline measurement for a larger project. The primary aim of this study was to investigate correlates of staff's sun-protective behavior toward students. A theoretical model of psychosocial constructs that combined components of the Theory of Planned Behavior and Social Cognitive Theory was evaluated using structural equation modeling. Self-efficacy and perceived norms were the strongest correlates of behavior. A hypothesized link between expectancy and behavior was not supported. The roles of self-efficacy and perceived norms in the preschool context are discussed as they relate to staff's behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-314
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Education Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002


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