Psychosocial and familial impairment among overweight youth with social problems

Andrea B. Goldschmidt, Meghan M. Sinton, Vandana Passi Aspen, Tiffany L. Tibbs, Richard I. Stein, Brian E. Saelens, Fred Frankel, Leonard H. Epstein, Denise E. Wilfley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Emerging research indicates that overweight children with social impairments are less responsive to weight control interventions over the long term. A better understanding of the breadth and psychosocial correlates of social problems among overweight youth is needed to optimize long-term weight outcomes. Methods. A total of 201 overweight children, aged 712 years, participated in a randomized controlled trial of two weight maintenance interventions following family-based behavioral weight loss treatment. Children with HIGH (T≥65) versus LOW (T<65) scores on the Child Behavior Checklist Social Problems subscale were compared on their own and their parents' pre-treatment levels of psychosocial impairment using multivariate analysis of variance. Hierarchical regression was used to identify parent and child predictors of social problems in the overall sample. Results. HIGH (n71) children evidenced greater eating disorder psychopathology and lower self-worth, as well as a range of interpersonal difficulties, compared with LOW children (n130; ps<0.05). Compared with parents of LOW children, parents of HIGH children reported greater levels of their own general psychopathology (p<0.05). Parent psychopathology significantly added to the prediction of social problems in the full sample beyond child sex and z-BMI (ps<0.01). Conclusion. A substantial minority of overweight youth experience deficits across the social domain, and such deficits appear to be associated with impairment in a broad range of other psychosocial domains. Augmenting weight loss interventions with specialized treatment components to address child and parent psychosocial problems could enhance socially-impaired children's long-term weight outcomes and decrease risk for later development of psychiatric disturbances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-435
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Obesity
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

Keywords

  • Childhood obesity
  • Eating disorders
  • Psychopathology
  • Social problems
  • Teasing

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    Goldschmidt, A. B., Sinton, M. M., Aspen, V. P., Tibbs, T. L., Stein, R. I., Saelens, B. E., Frankel, F., Epstein, L. H., & Wilfley, D. E. (2010). Psychosocial and familial impairment among overweight youth with social problems. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 5(5), 428-435. https://doi.org/10.3109/17477160903540727