Psychometric properties and factor structure of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R) in a Croatian psychiatric outpatient sample

Nenad Jaksic, Branka Aukst-Margetic, Sándor Rózsa, Lovorka Brajkovic, Nikolina Jovanovic, Bjanka Vuksan-Cusa, Jasmina Grubisin, Suzan Kudlek-Mikulic, Sasa Jevtovic, Darko Marcinko, Dragan M. Svrakic, Miro Jakovljevic

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Abstract

Objective The goal of this study was to investigate psychometric properties and factorial structure of the Croatian adaptation of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R) in a sample of psychiatric outpatients (n = 328). Method The participants filled out the TCI-R, as well as self-report measures of the Big-Five personality traits (IPIP-50), trait impulsivity (BIS-11), depression (BDI-II), suicidality (SBQ-R), and life satisfaction (SWLS). We explored the internal consistency of 7 domains and 29 subscales and compared it with the Croatian version of the original TCI used in prior studies. Principal component analysis with promax rotation was conducted on temperament and character subscales separately, while concurrent validity was examined through the TCI-R's relations with the abovementioned psychological measures. Results The TCI-R scales showed adequate internal consistencies, with Cronbach's alpha values ranging from 0.77 to 0.93. The internal consistency showed to be higher in comparison with the Croatian version of the original TCI. The postulated four-factor structure of temperament and the three-factor structure of character were confirmed. The meaningful associations with other measures supported the concurrent validity of the TCI-R. Conclusion The Croatian adaptation of the TCI-R exhibited satisfactory reliability and validity in a sample of psychiatric outpatients. These findings support the use of the TCI-R in Croatian clinical settings over its predecessor (TCI).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-186
Number of pages10
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume57
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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    Jaksic, N., Aukst-Margetic, B., Rózsa, S., Brajkovic, L., Jovanovic, N., Vuksan-Cusa, B., Grubisin, J., Kudlek-Mikulic, S., Jevtovic, S., Marcinko, D., Svrakic, D. M., & Jakovljevic, M. (2015). Psychometric properties and factor structure of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R) in a Croatian psychiatric outpatient sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 57, 177-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.10.016