Psychiatric comorbidity and progression in drug use in adult male twins: Implications for the design of genetic association studies

Alexandre A. Todorov, Michael T. Lynskey, Julia D. Grant, Jeffrey F. Scherrer, Richard D. Todd, Kathleen Keenan Bucholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Psychiatric comorbidity with drug dependence has been widely documented. In the present study, we reanalyze DSM-III-R diagnostic data on middle-aged male twin pairs from the VETR study using latent class methods. We identify four subtypes based on 15 diagnostic categories. We then show that these subtypes are strongly associated with differential rates of transitions in drug use histories, with increased risks in relatives for depression, alcohol, drug and ASPD, as well as with a variety of non-normative and deviant behaviors in youth and in adulthood. We use the result of these analyses to show how the use of a particular drug disorder phenotype for selecting cases could impact final sample composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)948-961
Number of pages14
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorder
  • Genetic association study
  • Psychiatric co-morbidity
  • Substance use disorder

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