Earlier studies of psoriatic and normal primary keratinocytes treated with phorbol 12-myristate-1-acetate identified two low-molecular-weight proteins, termed phorbolin-1 (20 kDa; pI 6.6) and phorbolin-2 (17.6 kDa; pI 6.5). As a first step towards elucidating the role of these proteins in psoriasis, we report here the molecular cloning and chromosomal mapping of phorbolin-1 and a related cDNA that codes for a protein exhibiting a similar amino acid sequence. The phorbolins were mapped to position 22q13 immediately centromeric to the c-sis proto-oncogene. Transient expression of the phorbolin-1 cDNA in COS cells and by in vitro transcription/translation, yielded polypeptides that comigrated with phorbolins-1 and - 2. Comparative sequence analysis revealed 22% overall identity and a similarity of 44% of the phorbolins to apobec-1, the catalytic subunit of the mammalian apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme; however, recombinant-expressed phorbolin-1 exhibited no cytidine deaminase activity, using either a monomeric nucleoside or apolipoprotein B cRNA as substrate, and failed to bind an AU-rich RNA template. Whereas the precise function of the phorbolins remains to be elucidated, the current data suggest that it is unlikely to include a role in the post-transcriptional modification of RNA in a manner analogous to that described for apobec-1.
- CDNA cloning
- MRNA editing