Purpose: Most patients with prostate cancer treated with androgen receptor (AR) signaling inhibitors develop therapeutic resistance due to restoration of AR functionality. Thus, there is a critical need for novel treatment approaches. Here we investigate the theranostic potential of hu5A10, a humanized mAb specifically targeting free PSA (KLK3). Experimental Design: LNCaP-AR (LNCaP with overexpression of wildtype AR) xenografts (NSG mice) and KLK3-Hi- Myc transgenic mice were imaged with 89Zr- or treated with 90Y- or 225Ac-labeled hu5A10; biodistribution and subcellular localization were analyzed by gamma counting, PET, autoradiography, and microscopy. Therapeutic efficacy of [225Ac]hu5A10 and [90Y]hu5A10 in LNCaP-AR tumors was assessed by tumor volume measurements, time to nadir (TTN), time to progression (TTP), and survival. Pharmacokinetics of [89Zr]hu5A10 in nonhuman primates (NHP) were determined using PET. Results: Biodistribution of radiolabeled hu5A10 constructs was comparable in different mouse models. Specific tumor uptake increased over time and correlated with PSA expression. Treatment with [90Y]/[225Ac]hu5A10 effectively reduced tumor burden and prolonged survival (P ≤ 0.0054). Effects of [90Y]hu5A10 were more immediate than [225Ac]hu5A10 (TTN, P < 0.0001) but less sustained (TTP, P < 0.0001). Complete responses were observed in 7 of 18 [225Ac]hu5A10 and 1 of 9 mice [90Y]hu5A10. Pharmacokinetics of [89Zr]hu5A10 were consistent between NHPs and comparable with those in mice. [89Zr]hu5A10-PET visualized the NHP-prostate over the 2-week observation period. Conclusions: We present a complete preclinical evaluation of radiolabeled hu5A10 in mouse prostate cancer models and NHPs, and establish hu5A10 as a new theranostic agent that allows highly specific and effective downstream targeting of AR in PSAexpressing tissue. Our data support the clinical translation of radiolabeled hu5A10 for treating prostate cancer.