Proteinase-activated receptor-1 regulation of macrophage elastase (MMP-12) secretion by serine proteinases

Saadia L. Raza, Leslie C. Nehring, Steven D. Shapiro, Lynn A. Cornelius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

The serine proteinases plasmin and thrombin convert proenzyme matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) into catalytically active forms. In addition, we demonstrate that plasmin(ogen) and thrombin induce a significant increase in secretion of activated murine macrophage elastase (MMP-12) protein. Active serine protease is responsible for induction, as demonstrated by the absence of MMP-12 induction in plasminogen(Plg)-treated urokinase-type plasminogen activator-deficient macrophages. Since increased MMP-12 protein secretion was not accompanied by an increase in MMP-12 mRNA, we examined post-translational mechanisms. Protein synthesis was not required for early release of MMP-12 but was required for later secretion of activated enzyme. Immunofluorescent microscopy demonstrated basal expression in macrophages that increased following serine proteinase exposure. Inhibition of MMP-12 secretion by hirudin and pertussis toxin demonstrated a role for the thrombin G protein-coupled receptor (protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1)). PAR-1-activating peptides were able to induce MMP-12 release. Investigation of signal transduction pathways involved in this response demonstrate the requirement for protein kinase C, but not tyrosine kinase, activity. These data demonstrate that plasmin and thrombin regulate MMP-12 activity through distinct mechanisms: post-translational secretion of preformed MMP-12 protein, induction of protein secretion that is protein kinase C-mediated, and extracellular enzyme activation. Most importantly, we show that serine proteinase MMP-12 regulation in macrophages occurs via the protein kinase C-activating G protein-coupled receptor PAR-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41243-41250
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 29 2000

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