To assess the potential roles of protein Z (PZ) and protein Z-dependent protease inhibitor (ZPI) in venous thrombosis, their plasma levels were measured in 426 individuals with venous thrombosis and 471 control individuals participating in the Leiden Thrombophilia Study. A relationship between the level of PZ or ZPI and venous thrombosis was not detected in the over-all case-control study. PZ and ZPI circulate as a complex and their plasma levels are interdependent. Both PZ and ZPI are increased with oral contraceptive use and reduced with oral anticoagulant therapy.
- Clinical/epidemiological studies
- Coagulation inhibitors