Protein-remodeling factors as potential therapeutics for neurodegenerative disease

Meredith E. Jackrel, James Shorter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protein misfolding is implicated in numerous neurodegenerative disorders including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Huntington's disease. A unifying feature of patients with these disorders is the accumulation of deposits comprised of misfolded protein. Aberrant protein folding can cause toxicity through a loss or gain of protein function, or both. An intriguing therapeutic approach to counter these disorders is the application of protein-remodeling factors to resolve these misfolded conformers and return the proteins to their native fold and function. Here, we describe the application of protein-remodeling factors to alleviate protein misfolding in neurodegenerative disease. We focus on Hsp104, Hsp110/Hsp70/Hsp40, NMNAT, and HtrA1, which can prevent and reverse protein aggregation. While many of these protein-remodeling systems are highly promising, their activity can be limited. Thus, engineering protein-remodeling factors to enhance their activity could be therapeutically valuable. Indeed, engineered Hsp104 variants suppress neurodegeneration in animal models, which opens the way to novel therapeutics and mechanistic probes to help understand neurodegenerative disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number99
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Volume11
Issue numberFEB
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2017

Keywords

  • Hsp104
  • Hsp110
  • Hsp70
  • HtrA1
  • NMNAT
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Protein-misfolding disease
  • Protein-remodeling factors

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