Results of protein separation of guinea pig plasma, perilymph, and endolymph by means of high-resolution two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis are presented. Several proteins are present in perilymph at levels in basic accord with the total protein gradient with respect to plasma; however, others are present in perilymph at levels comparable to plasma levels, and one protein low molecular weight protein, PLS:33, is eight times higher. In addition, a high molecular weight protein is shown to be present at similar levels in the two compartments. These findings indicate that ultrafiltration cannot be the sole mechanism of perilymph production. Endolymph proteins are uniformly five to eight times lower than perilymph levels, essentially following the total protein concentration gradient between the two compartments. This supports the view that endolymph is derived from perilymph rather than directly from blood.
- Cochlear fluids
- Protein profile