Protein metabolism in children with edematous malnutrition and acute lower respiratory infection

Mark J. Manary, David R. Brewster, Robin L. Broadhead, Jan R. Crowley, Carla R. Fjeld, Kevin E. Yarasheski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that wholebody protein kinetics remain low in children with edematous malnutrition and acute infection. Thirteen children with edematous malnutrition and acute infection (subjects) were compared with 14 uninfected children with edematous malnutrition early in recovery (control children). Protein kinetics were determined by using a primed, constant intravenous infusion of [13C]leucine and [15N2]urea in the postabsorptive state. Calculations of rates of whole-body protein synthesis and breakdown were based on the rate of leucine appearance; the rate or leucine oxidation was estimated from the rate of urea appearance. Protein synthesis and breakdown rates were lower in subjects than in control children (97 ± 30 compared with 153 ± 67. P < 0.01, and 103 ± 30 compared with 160 ± 67 μmol leucine·kg-1·h-1, P < 0.01). No difference was found between the two groups in the rate of urea appearance, but this analysis only had a statistical power of 54%. The absence of the expected increase in the rate of protein turnover during acute infection in edematous malnutrition implies that acute phase proteins are made with a corresponding depletion of muscle, hepatic, and other body proteins such as albumin, and that there may also be a blunting of the acute phase response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1010
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1997

Keywords

  • Malnutrition
  • children
  • edema
  • infection
  • leucine kinetics
  • protein kinetics
  • protein metabolism
  • stable isotopes

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