Protein kinase D1 variant associated with human epilepsy and peripheral nerve hypermyelination

Salma Omer, Sheng Chih Jin, Rainelli Koumangoye, Stephanie M. Robert, Daniel Duran, Carol Nelson-Williams, Anita Huttner, Michael DiLuna, Kristopher T. Kahle, Eric Delpire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report the case of a patient with severe progressive epilepsy and peripheral neuropathy and a novel de novo inactivating variant (p.E79X) in Protein Kinase D1 (PKD1). Using CRISPR/Cas9, we engineered the homologous variant in mice and showed that in the homozygote mouse, it recapitulated the patient peripheral nerve hypermyelination pathology. The lethality of the homozygote mouse prevented us from performing an assessment of locomotor behavior. The mutant heterozygote mouse; however, exhibited a significant increase in kainate-induced seizure activity over wild-type mice, supporting the hypothesis that the PKD1 variant is a candidate for the cause of the patient epilepsy. Because PKD1 was previously identified in a kinomic screen as an interacting partner of the K-Cl cotransporter 3 (KCC3), and since KCC3 is involved in peripheral nerve disease and brain hyperexcitability, one possible mechanism of action of PKD1 in disease is through KCC3. We show that catalytically inactive PKD1 stimulates KCC3 activity, consistent with tonic relief of inhibitory phosphorylation. Our findings implicate a novel role for PKD1 in the human nervous system, and uncover a mechanism that could serve as a potential target to promote nervous system myelination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-186
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume100
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • CRISPR/Cas9
  • Xenopus oocytes
  • biotinylation
  • hypermyelination
  • kanaic acid
  • mouse model
  • myelin thickness
  • seizure susceptibility

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