Protein kinase C-delta deficiency perturbs bone homeostasis by selective uncoupling of cathepsin K secretion and ruffled border formation in osteoclasts

Viviana Cremasco, Corinne E. Decker, Deborah Stumpo, Perry J. Blackshear, Keiichi I. Nakayama, Keiko Nakayama, Traian S. Lupu, Daniel B. Graham, Deborah V. Novack, Roberta Faccio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bone homeostasis requires stringent regulation of osteoclasts, which secrete proteolytic enzymes to degrade the bone matrix. Despite recent progress in understanding how bone resorption occurs, the mechanisms regulating osteoclast secretion, and in particular the trafficking route of cathepsin K vesicles, remain elusive. Using a genetic approach, we describe the requirement for protein kinase C-delta (PKCδ) in regulating bone resorption by affecting cathepsin K exocytosis. Importantly, PKCδ deficiency does not perturb formation of the ruffled border or trafficking of lysosomal vesicles containing the vacuolar-ATPase (v-ATPase). Mechanistically, we find that cathepsin K exocytosis is controlled by PKCδ through modulation of the actin bundling protein myristoylated alanine-rich C-kinase substrate (MARCKS). The relevance of our finding is emphasized in vivo because PKCδ-/- mice exhibit increased bone mass and are protected from pathological bone loss in a model of experimental postmenopausal osteoporosis. Collectively, our data provide novel mechanistic insights into the pathways that selectively promote secretion of cathepsin K lysosomes independently of ruffled border formation, providing evidence of the presence of multiple mechanisms that regulate lysosomal exocytosis in osteoclasts. © 2012 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2452-2463
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • BONE RESORPTION
  • LYSOSOMAL SECRETION
  • OSTEOCLASTS
  • PKCδ

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