Protection against noise-induced hearing loss in young CBA/J mice by low-dose kanamycin

Elizabeth A. Fernandez, Kevin K. Ohlemiller, Patricia M. Gagnon, William W. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Animal studies indicate that a combination of kanamycin (KM) and noise produces a synergistic effect, whereby the threshold shift from the combination is greater than the sum of the shifts caused by either agent alone. Most such studies have focused on adult animals, and it has remained unclear whether younger, presumably more susceptible, animals show an even greater synergistic effect. The present study tested the hypothesis that young CBA/J mice receiving a low dose of KM (300 mg/kg, 2×/day, s.c.) from 20 to 30 days post-gestational age followed by brief noise exposure (110 dB SPL; 4-45 kHz, 30 s) would show greater noise-induced permanent threshold shifts (NIPTS) than mice receiving either treatment alone. Noise exposure produced 30-40 dB of NIPTS and moderate hair cell loss in young saline-treated mice. KM alone at this dose had no effect on thresholds. Surprisingly,mice receiving KMplus noise were protected from NIPTS, showing ABR thresholds not significantly different from unexposed controls. Mice receiving KM prior to noise exposure also showed significantly less outer hair cell loss than saline-treated mice. Additional experiments indicated protection by KM when the noise was applied either 24 or 48 h after the last KM injection. Our results demonstrate a powerful protective effect of subchronic low-dose kanamycin against NIPTS in young CBA/Jmice. Repeated kanamycin exposuremay establish a preconditioned protective state, the molecular bases of which remain to be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-244
Number of pages10
JournalJARO - Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Aminoglycosides
  • Cochlea
  • Development
  • Hair cells
  • Ototoxicity
  • Preconditioning

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