Prosurvival and antiapoptotic effects of PGE2 in radiation injury are mediated by EP2 receptor in intestine

Courtney W. Houchen, Mark A. Sturmoski, Shrikant Anant, Richard M. Breyer, William F. Stenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The biological activities of PGE2 are mediated through EP receptors (EP1-EP4), plasma membrane G protein-coupled receptors that differ in ligand binding and signal-transduction pathways. We investigated gastrointestinal EP2 receptor expression in adult mice before and after radiation injury and evaluated intestinal stem cell survival and crypt epithelial apoptosis after radiation injury in EP2 null mice. EP2 was expressed throughout the gut. Intestinal EP2 mRNA increased fivefold after γ-irradiation. Crypt survival was diminished in EP2-/- mice (4.06 crypts/cross section) compared with wild-type littermates (8.15 crypts/cross section). Radiation-induced apoptosis was significantly increased in EP2-/- mice compared with wild-type littermates. Apoptosis was 1.6-fold higher in EP2-/- mice (5.9 apoptotic cells/crypt) than in wild-type mice (3.5 apoptotic cells/crypt). The EP2 receptor is expressed in mouse gastrointestinal epithelial cells and is upregulated following radiation injury. The effects of PGE2 on both crypt epithelial apoptosis and intestinal crypt stem cell survival are mediated through the EP2 receptor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G490-G498
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume284
Issue number3 47-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Keywords

  • Cyclooxygenase
  • Prostaglandin
  • Prostaglandins
  • Receptor signaling

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