Prospective assessment of sparing the parotid ducts via MRI sialography for reducing patient reported xerostomia

David V. Fried, Tong Zhu, Shiva K. Das, Colette Shen, Lawrence B. Marks, Xianming Tan, Bhishamjit S. Chera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the impact of prospectively sparing the parotid ducts via MRI sialography on patient reported xerostomia for those receiving definitive radiotherapy (RT) for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods and materials: Thirty-eight patients with oropharynx cancer to be treated with definitive RT underwent pre-treatment MRI sialograms to localize their parotid ducts. The parotid ducts were maximally spared during treatment planning. Patients reported symptoms (PRO-CTCAE and QLQ-H&N35) were collected at 6 and 12 months post-RT and compared to a historical cohort who underwent conventional parotid gland mean dose sparing. Regression models were generated using parotid and submandibular gland doses with and without incorporating the dose to the parotid ducts to determine the impact of parotid duct dose on patient reported xerostomia. Results: At 6 months post-RT, 12/26 (46%) patients reported ≥moderate xerostomia when undergoing parotid ductal sparing compared to 43/61 (70%) in the historical cohort (p = 0.03). At 12 months post-RT, 8/22 (36%) patients reported ≥moderate xerostomia when undergoing parotid ductal sparing compared to 34/68(50%) in the historical cohort (p = 0.08). Using nested logistic regression models, the mean parotid duct dose was found to significantly relate to patient reported xerostomia severity at 6 months post-RT (p = 0.04) and trended towards statistical significance at 12 months post-RT (p = 0.09). At both 6 and 12 months post-RT, the addition of mean parotid duct dose significantly improved model fit (p < 0.05). Conclusions: MRI sialography guided parotid duct sparing appears to reduce the rates of patient-reported xerostomia. Further, logistic regression analysis found parotid duct dose to be significantly associated with patient reported xerostomia. A significant improvement in model fit was observed when adding mean parotid duct dose compared to models that only contain mean parotid gland dose and mean contralateral submandibular gland dose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-49
Number of pages8
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume172
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • MRI sialography
  • Oropharynx
  • Parotid ducts
  • Parotid glands
  • Xerostomia

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