Prophylactic bilateral oophorectomy or removal of remaining ovary at the time of hysterectomy in the United States, 1979-2004

Jerry L. Lowder, Sallie S. Oliphant, Chiara Ghetti, Lara J. Burrows, Leslie A. Meyn, Judith Balk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe national rates and trends of prophylactic bilateral oophorectomy or remaining oophorectomy (BO/RO) at hysterectomy in women without specific gynecologic disease. Study Design: Data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey were analyzed for 1979-2004. Hysterectomies were divided into 2 groups: (1) hysterectomy with BO/RO and (2) hysterectomy alone (≥1 ovary remaining). Age-adjusted rates (AARs) were calculated with 2000 US census data. Results: Approximately 3,686,000 hysterectomies with BO/RO were performed from 1979-2004. AARs of hysterectomy with BO/RO decreased during this period; the AARs in women ≥50 years old increased. The number of hysterectomies alone was 5,461,100, and AARs of hysterectomy alone decreased significantly from 2.9 per 1000 women in from 1979-1981 to 1.1 per 1000 women in 2001 (P < .001). The proportion of women who underwent hysterectomy with BO/RO increased from 29% in 1979 to 45% in 2004. Conclusion: Although AARs of prophylactic BO/RO decreased from 1979-2004, the actual proportion of BO/RO at hysterectomy increased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538.e1-538.e9
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume202
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • prophylactic bilateral oophorectomy
  • removal of remaining ovary

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