Promyelinating Schwann cells express Tst-1/SCIP/Oct-6

Edgardo J. Arroyo, John R. Bermingham, Michael G. Rosenfeld, Steven S. Scherer

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82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tst-1/SCIP/Oct-6, a POU domain transcription factor, is transiently expressed by developing Schwann cells and is required for their normal development into a myelinating phenotype. In tst-1/scip/oct-6-null sciatic nerves, Schwann cells are transiently arrested at the 'promyelinating' stage, when they have a one-to-one relationship with an axon but before they have elaborated a myelin sheath. To determine when Schwann cells express Tst- 1/SCIP/Oct-6, we examined β-galactosidase (β-gal) expression in heterozygous tst-1/scip/oct-6 mice, in which one copy of the tst-1/scip/oct- 6 gene has been replaced with the LacZ gene. β-Gal expression from the LacZ gene seems to parallel Tst-1/SCIP/Oct-6 expression from the endogenous tst- 1/scip/oct-6 gene in developing and regenerating sciatic nerves. Furthermore, electron microscopic examination of 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-β-D- galactopyranoside- (X-gal) and halogenated indolyl-β-D-galactoside- (Bluo- gal) stained nerves showed that promyelinating Schwann cells express the highest levels of β-gal, both in developing and in regenerating nerves. Thus, the expression of β-gal, a surrogate marker of Tst-1/SCIP/Oct-6, peaks at the same stage of Schwann cell development at which development is arrested in tst-1/scip/oct-6-null mice, indicating that Tst-1/SCIP/Oct-6 has a critical role in promyelinating Schwann cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7891-7902
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume18
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1998

Keywords

  • Axon-Schwann cell interactions
  • Myelin
  • Neuropathy
  • POU
  • Peripheral nerve
  • Transcription factors
  • cAMP

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