Promoter decommissioning by the NuRD chromatin remodeling complex triggers synaptic connectivity in the mammalian brain

Tomoko Yamada, Yue Yang, Martin Hemberg, Toshimi Yoshida, Ha Young Cho, J. Patrick Murphy, Diasynou Fioravante, Wade G. Regehr, Steven P. Gygi, Katia Georgopoulos, Azad Bonni

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54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Precise control of gene expression plays fundamental roles in brain development, but the roles of chromatin regulators in neuronal connectivity have remained poorly understood. We report that depletion of the NuRD complex by invivo RNAi and conditional knockout of the core NuRD subunit Chd4 profoundly impairs the establishment of granule neuron parallel fiber/Purkinje cell synapses in the rodent cerebellar cortex invivo. By interfacing genome-wide sequencing of transcripts and ChIP-seq analyses, we uncover a network of repressed genes and distinct histone modifications at target gene promoters that are developmentally regulated by the NuRD complex in the cerebellum invivo. Finally, in a targeted invivo RNAi screen of NuRD target genes, we identify a program of NuRD-repressed genes that operate as critical regulators of presynaptic differentiation in the cerebellar cortex. Our findings define NuRD-dependent promoter decommissioning as a developmentally regulated programming mechanism that drives synaptic connectivity in the mammalian brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-134
Number of pages13
JournalNeuron
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2014

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    Yamada, T., Yang, Y., Hemberg, M., Yoshida, T., Cho, H. Y., Murphy, J. P., Fioravante, D., Regehr, W. G., Gygi, S. P., Georgopoulos, K., & Bonni, A. (2014). Promoter decommissioning by the NuRD chromatin remodeling complex triggers synaptic connectivity in the mammalian brain. Neuron, 83(1), 122-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2014.05.039