DNA polymerase ζ (Pol ζ), a heterodimer of Rev3 and Rev7, is essential for DNA damage provoked mutagenesis in eukaryotes. DNA polymerases that function in a processive complex with the replication clamp proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) have been shown to possess a close match to the consensus PCNA-binding motif QxxLxxFF. This consensus motif is lacking in either subunit of Pol ζ, yet its activity is stimulated by PCNA. In particular, translesion synthesis of UV damage-containing DNA is dramatically stimulated by PCNA such that translesion synthesis rates are comparable with replication rates by Pol ζ on undamaged DNA. PCNA also stimulated translesion synthesis of a model abasic site by Pol ζ. Efficient PCNA stimulation required that PCNA was prevented from sliding off the damage-containing model oligonucleotide template-primer through the use of biotin-streptavidin bumpers or other blocks. Under those experimental conditions, facile bypass of the abasic site was also detected by DNA polymerase δ or η (Rad30). The yeast DNA damage checkpoint clamp, consisting of Rad17, Mec3, and Ddc1, and an ortholog of human 9-1-1, has been implicated in damage-induced mutagenesis. However, this checkpoint clamp did not stimulate translesion synthesis by Pol ζ or by DNA polymerase δ.