Prolein polymorphism in a randombred chicken population

K. W. Washburn, Y. Maeda, G. M. Lanza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polymorphism in plasma amylase, plasma alkaline phosphatase, non‐specific esterase and red cell esterase‐D of the Athens‐Canadian randombred (ACRB) population of chickens was determined by polyacrylamide and starch gel electrophoresis. Amylase alleles Amy‐1A and Amy‐1B were segregating in the ACRB population with frequencies of 0.45 and 0.55 respectively. For the plasma alkaline phosphatase the F and S bands, the B band and a new isozyme migrating at a faster rate than the previously reported F band were detected. A genetic nomenclature for plasma alkaline phosphatase is suggested which considers the difference between the F and S bands as the presence or absence of sialic acid attached to a primary protein. Plasma esterase activity was observed in all four of the regions previously reported, but there was no polymorphism found in any of the loci. All birds in this population showed the same red‐cell esterase‐D phenotype which consisted of a main band with sub‐bands on each side.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-269
Number of pages9
JournalAnimal Blood Groups and Biochemical Genetics
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1980
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chicken
  • polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
  • protein polymorphism
  • starch gel electrophoresis

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