Progressive Focal Gray Matter Volume Loss in a Former High School Football Player: A Possible Magnetic Resonance Imaging Volumetric Signature for Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Cyrus A. Raji, David A. Merrill, Jorge R. Barrio, Bennet Omalu, Gary W. Small

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here a case is presented of a 51-year-old former high school football player with multiple concussions, including one episode with loss of consciousness. The patient experienced 6 years of cognitive and mood decline, and his wife corroborated increasing memory loss, attentional difficulties, and depressed mood without suicidal ideation. He had been unable to maintain full-time employment because of progressive decline. Based on his presentation, he had been previously diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and bipolar disorder, type II. Neuropsychological tests indicated domain-specific cognitive impairment, and longitudinal volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed progressive brainstem, diencephalic, and frontal lobe atrophy. This regional volume loss correlated with the increased signal seen on tau and amyloid imaging (FDDNP-PET scan) of a separate case of suspected chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Visual assessment of the MRI also showed evidence of old petechial hemorrhages in the frontal and temporal-parietal lobe white matter. This case raises the possibility of distinct quantitative and visual brain MRI findings in suspected CTE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-790
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • CTE
  • FDDNP
  • Neuroreader
  • brain PET
  • volumetric MRI

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