Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an inducible enzyme, has been implicated in the progression and angiogenesis of breast cancer. The aim of the study is to quantify the concentration of COX-2 and its association with clinico-pathological parameters and response to treatment in patients with invasive ductal carcinoma receiving both neo-adjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy. The level of COX-2 was estimated using a novel biosensor-based surface plasmon resonance technique in serum of 84 patients with breast cancer (48 patients of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and 36 patients of adjuvant chemotherapy) and 40 age- and gender-matched normal individuals. A significant increase in COX-2 level was observed in patients compared with normal individuals (p>0.0001). The COX-2 level in serum was found to be significantly higher in patients with lymph node involvement (p<0.0061). 68% (33/48) of the patients receiving neo-adjuvant chemotherapy showed significantly (p<0.0025) reduced COX-2 levels. This study shows significant decrease of COX-2 level in patients with breast cancer treated with both neo-adjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy. Estimation of COX-2 level in serum may serve as a tumor biomarker in patients with breast cancer.