Prognosis and risk stratification of peripheral T-cell lymphomas

Mary Kate Malecek, Neha Mehta-Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peripheral T-cell lymphomas represent a rare heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin lymphomas with generally worse outcomes with standard chemotherapy compared to B-cell lymphomas. Clinical risk prediction tools at baseline have been shown to be prognostic but generally do not impact clinical decision making. However, improving understanding of the prognostic implications of histology and its molecular underpinnings as well as strategies surrounding the use of CD30 as a predictive biomarker for brentuximab vedotin have led to better understanding of how to risk stratify patients. Baseline, interim, and end of treatment PET/CT as evaluated by the Lugano criteria as well as by baseline metabolic tumor volume have also been shown to be prognostic. The role of minimal residual disease tools such as cell free DNA and T-cell gene receptor sequencing remain active areas of investigation in hopes to develop predictive biomarkers in these rare diseases. This review focuses on strategies used to prognosticate in more common forms of peripheral T-cell lymphoma as well as in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Hematology
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • NK/T-cell lymphomas
  • Peripheral T-cell lymphoma
  • interim PET/CT
  • prognosis
  • risk
  • stratification

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