DNA replication forks are tightly controlled by a large protein network consisting of well-known core regulators and many accessory factors which remain functionally undefined. In this study, we report previously unknown nuclear functions of the actin-binding factor profilin-1 (PFN1) in DNA replication, which occur in a context-dependent fashion and require its binding to poly-L-proline (PLP)-containing proteins instead of actin. In unperturbed cells, PFN1 increases DNA replication initiation and accelerates fork progression by binding and stimulating the PLP-containing nucleosome remodeler SNF2H. Under replication stress, PFN1/SNF2H increases fork stalling and functionally collaborates with fork reversal enzymes to enable the over-resection of unprotected forks. In addition, PFN1 binds and functionally attenuates the PLP-containing fork protector BODL1 to increase the resection of a subset of stressed forks. Accordingly, raising nuclear PFN1 level decreases genome stability and cell survival during replication stress. Thus, PFN1 is a multi-functional regulator of DNA replication with exploitable anticancer potential.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6531
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Profilin-1 regulates DNA replication forks in a context-dependent fashion by interacting with SNF2H and BOD1L'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this