Primary structure and function of stromelysin/transin in cartilage matrix turnover.

S. M. Wilhelm, D. Wunderlich, C. A. Maniglia, A. Z. Eisen, G. I. Goldberg

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Stromelysin/Transin is a member of the matrix metalloprotease gene family. This metalloprotease is synthesized as a preproenzyme with a predicted size of 53,977 Da including a 17 amino acid signal peptide. Prostromelysin is secreted from normal and transformed cells in two forms with apparent molecular masses on NaDodSO4 gels of 60 and 58-kDa. The minor 60-kDa species contains N-linked oligosaccharide(s). Stromelysin consists of three domains the amino terminal propeptide(s) domain contains the tribasic amino acid sequence RRK which is important in the proteolytic activation of this zymogen by trypsin-like serine proteases. The second domain consists of the catalytic domain which contains the zinc binding site. The carboxyl-terminal hemopexin domain has no known function and can be removed without a loss of enzymatic activity. Stromelysin has a broad range of substrate specificity including proteoglycans, casein, fibronectin, laminin, native type IV and IX collagen and gelatin but not type I collagen. In the presence of trypsin or plasmin, catalytic amounts of this enzyme can also fully activate interstitial fibroblast collagenase. We have developed a panel of monoclonal antibodies against stromelysin which will be useful for the tissue localization of the various species of this enzyme in tissues. In addition, we have demonstrated that either human rIL-1 (alpha) or rTNF (alpha) can stimulate the expression of this enzyme in cultured bovine articular cartilage at least 10-fold. Based on western blot analysis, the zymogen form of the enzyme was the major enzyme species detected in either the media or cartilage matrix compartments of cytokine treated cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalMatrix (Stuttgart, Germany). Supplement
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


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