Primary central nervous system germ cell tumors in children and young adults: A review of controversies in diagnostic and treatment approach

Kee Kiat Yeo, Sumanth Nagabushan, Girish Dhall, Mohamed S. Abdelbaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Primary central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCT) are a rare heterogenous group of cancers, arising most commonly in the second decade of life. Through several clinical trials conducted around the world by various groups, the treatment approach for CNS GCT has advanced substantially with generally improved overall outcomes. In recent years, the goal of clinical trials has been focused on reduction of the radiotherapy burden and minimization of long-term toxicity. This review summarizes the current diagnostic and treatment regimens for CNS GCT, examines the controversies associated with these approaches, gaps in contemporary knowledge, and underscores the challenges we face. We also explore future directions in the management of CNS GCT with the ultimate overall aim of preserving curative outcomes, identifying novel biomarkers, and mitigating neurocognitive, endocrine, and psychological toxicity through prospective clinical studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100860
JournalNeoplasia (United States)
Volume36
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Germ cell tumor
  • Germinoma
  • Mixed malignant
  • Molecular
  • Radiation therapy

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