Prevention of nosocomial pneumonia in the intensive care unit: Beyond the use of bundles

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Abstract

Background: The occurrence of nosocomial pneumonia (NP) in the hospital setting is especially problematic, as it is associated with a greater risk of in-hospital death, longer stays on mechanical ventilation and in the intensive care unit (ICU), more need for tracheostomy, and significantly higher medical care costs. Methods: Review of the pertinent English-language literature. Results: The adverse effect of NP on healthcare outcomes has increased pressure on clinicians and hospital systems to prevent this infection. This brief review provides an overview of the current approaches to the prevention of NP, focusing primarily on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Conclusion: Clinicians working in ICUs should consider the following recommendations: (1) Develop a VAP prevention bundle based on evidence-based guidelines; (2) monitor the rates of VAP prior to and during implementation of the program; (3) make adjustments according to VAP occurrence; and (4) integrate VAP prevention with other quality improvement programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalSurgical infections
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

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