Prevalence of HIV infection among inpatients and outpatients in department of veterans affairs health care systems: Implications for screening programs for HIV

Douglas K. Owens, Vandana Sundaram, Laura C. Lazzeroni, Lena R. Douglass, Gillian D. Sanders, Kathie Taylor, Ronald VanGroningen, Vera M. Shadle, Valerie C. McWhorter, Teodora Agoncillo, Noreen Haren, Jill Nyland, Patricia Tempio, Walid Khayr, Dennis J. Dietzen, Peter Jensen, Michael S. Simberkoff, Samuel A. Bozzette, Mark Holodniy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. We sought to determine the prevalence of HIV in both inpatient and outpatient settings in 6 Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care sites. Methods. We collected demographic data and data on comorbid conditions and then conducted blinded, anonymous HIV testing. We conducted a multivariate analysis to determine predictors of HIV infection. Results. We tested 4500 outpatient blood specimens and 4205 inpatient blood specimens; 326 (3.7%) patients tested positive for HIV. Inpatient HIV prevalence ranged from 1.2% to 6.9%; outpatient HIV prevalence ranged from 0.9% to 8.9%. Having a history of hepatitis B or C infection, a sexually transmitted disease, or pneumonia also predicted HIV infection. The prevalence of previously undocumented HIV infection varied from 0.1% to 2.8% among outpatients and from 0.0% to 1.7% among inpatients. Conclusions. The prevalence of undocumented HIV infection was sufficiently high for routine voluntary screening to be cost effective in each of the 6 sites we evaluated. Many VA health care systems should consider expanded routine voluntary HIV screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2173-2178
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume97
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 12 2007
Externally publishedYes

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    Owens, D. K., Sundaram, V., Lazzeroni, L. C., Douglass, L. R., Sanders, G. D., Taylor, K., VanGroningen, R., Shadle, V. M., McWhorter, V. C., Agoncillo, T., Haren, N., Nyland, J., Tempio, P., Khayr, W., Dietzen, D. J., Jensen, P., Simberkoff, M. S., Bozzette, S. A., & Holodniy, M. (2007). Prevalence of HIV infection among inpatients and outpatients in department of veterans affairs health care systems: Implications for screening programs for HIV. American journal of public health, 97(12), 2173-2178. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2007.110700