Deficient retro-aortic rim is of concern as a risk factor for aortic erosion after device closure of atrial septal defects (ASD). However, its prevalence and contribution to technical failure and adverse outcomes have not been delineated. A single-center retrospective cohort study of children and adults undergoing cardiac catheterization for device occlusion of ASD from 1 January 1999 to 1 April 2012 was performed. Risk factors for technical failure and early adverse outcome were assessed using multivariate logistic regression. During the study period, 445 consecutive subjects with a median age of 5.9 years (range, 0.8-80 years) underwent catheterization. Of the subjects with reviewable echocardiograms, 60 % had deficient retro-aortic rim. No attempt at device closure was made for 3.6 % of the subjects. Of the remaining 429 subjects, 96 % underwent successful device occlusion. Major early adverse events occurred in 1.2 % (95 % confidence interval 0.4-2.7 %) of the cases, all of them either device embolization or malposition. Deficient retro-aortic rim was not a risk factor for composite outcome of technical failure or early major adverse event. No deaths, late reinterventions, or erosion events occurred during 2,395 total person-years (median, 5.8 years) of follow-up evaluation. Deficient retro-aortic rim was associated with increased risk of device impingement on the aorta, but no association was seen between device impingement or deficient retro-aortic rim and the development of new/progressive aortic insufficiency. Deficient retro-aortic rim is highly prevalent but did not increase the risk of adverse outcomes. Its contribution to the risk of aortic erosion could not be addressed by this study.
- Cardiac catheterization
- Heart defects
- PEDS - pediatric interventions
- Septal occluder device