Prevalence and predictors of pathological gambling: Results from the St. Louis personality, health and lifestyle (SLPHL) study

Renee M. Cunningham-Williams, Richard A. Grucza, Linda B. Cottler, Sharon B. Womack, Samantha J. Books, Thomas R. Przybeck, Edward L. Spitznagel, C. Robert Cloninger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. We report the prevalence of and risk and protective factors for DSM-IV sub-threshold gambling (1-4 criteria) and pathological gambling disorder (PGD; 5-10 criteria) in a non-clinical household sample of St. Louis area gamblers. Methods. Of the 7689 individuals contacted via Random Digit Dialing, 3292 were screened eligible. Of these, 1142 from households in 6 contiguous regions in Missouri and Illinois consented to participate and were mailed a St. Louis Area Personality, Health, and Lifestyle (SLPHL) Survey. Results. Post-stratification weighted data (n = 913) indicate lifetime prevalence rates of 12.4% sub-threshold and 2.5% PGD (conditional prevalence = 21.5% and 4.3% respectively). Risk and protective factors for gambling severity varied in the sample. Conclusions. Targeted prevention messages are warranted specifically for gamblers of varying risk for PGD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-390
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Epidemiology
  • Pathological gambling
  • Personality
  • Substance use
  • TCI

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    Cunningham-Williams, R. M., Grucza, R. A., Cottler, L. B., Womack, S. B., Books, S. J., Przybeck, T. R., Spitznagel, E. L., & Cloninger, C. R. (2005). Prevalence and predictors of pathological gambling: Results from the St. Louis personality, health and lifestyle (SLPHL) study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 39(4), 377-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2004.09.002