Presentation, diagnosis, and medical management of heart failure in children: Canadian cardiovascular society guidelines

Paul F. Kantor, Jane Lougheed, Adrian Dancea, Michael McGillion, Nicole Barbosa, Carol Chan, Rejane Dillenburg, Joseph Atallah, Holger Buchholz, Catherine Chant-Gambacort, Jennifer Conway, Letizia Gardin, Kristen George, Steven Greenway, Derek G. Human, Aamir Jeewa, Jack F. Price, Robert D. Ross, S. Lucy Roche, Lindsay RyersonReeni Soni, Judith Wilson, Kenny Wong, Sarah Bowdin, Charles Canter, Christian Drolet, Melanie Everitt, Mark Friedberg, Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Daphne Hsu, John Lynn Jefferies, Ashok Kakadekar, Seema Mital, Beth Kauffman, Robert McKelvie, Elfriede Pahl, Jim Potts, Julian Raiman, Suryakant Shah, Elizabeth Stephenson, Thomasin Adams-Webber, Michelle Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

188 Scopus citations


Pediatric heart failure (HF) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. This article presents guidelines for the recognition, diagnosis, and early medical management of HF in infancy, childhood, and adolescence. The guidelines are intended to assist practitioners in office-based or emergency room practice, who encounter children with undiagnosed heart disease and symptoms of possible HF, rather than those who have already received surgical palliation. The guidelines have been developed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology, and are accompanied by practical Recommendations for their application in the clinical setting, supplemented by online material. This work does not include Recommendations for advanced management involving ventricular assist devices, or other device therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1535-1552
Number of pages18
JournalCanadian Journal of Cardiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2013


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