Preoperative computed tomography in Fournier’s gangrene does not delay time to surgery

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Abstract

Purpose: Fournier’s gangrene (FG), a rapidly progressive necrotizing soft tissue infection of the external genitalia and perineum, necessitates urgent surgical debridement. The time to surgery effect of preoperative computed tomography (CT) in managing this condition is yet to be fully explored. The purpose of this study was to assess whether obtaining a preoperative CT in patients with FG impacts the time to surgical intervention. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective study of patients who underwent CT prior to surgical debridement of FG during a 9-year period vs patients who did not undergo CT. In 76 patients (male = 39, mean age = 51.8), 38 patients with FG received a preoperative CT, and 38 patients with FG did not receive CT prior to surgical debridement. Time to operating room and outcome metrics were compared between CT and non-CT groups. Results: The time from hospital presentation to surgical intervention was not significantly different between patients who underwent CT and those who did not (6.65 ± 3.71 vs 5.73 ± 4.33 h, p = 0.37). There were also no significant differences in cost ($130,000 ± $102,000 vs $142,000 ± $152,000, p = 0.37), mortality (8 vs 7, p = 1), duration of hospital stay (15.5 ± 15 vs 15.7 ± 11.6 days, p = 0.95), average intensive care unit stay (5.82 ± 5.38 days vs 6.97 ± 8.58 days, p = 0.48), and APACHE score (12 ± 4.65 vs 13.9 ± 5.6, p =0.12). Conclusion: Obtaining a preoperative CT did not delay surgical intervention in patients with FG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-717
Number of pages7
JournalEmergency Radiology
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • CT scan
  • Debridement
  • Fournier’s gangrene
  • Necrotizing fasciitis
  • Surgery

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