Ultrasonic measurement of fetal chest circumference was tested as a predictor of pulmonary hypoplasia in a group of 26 fetuses at known risk. A 42% prevalence of autopsy-proved pulmonary hypoplasia was found in this population. Chest circumference measurements were plotted on published nomograms based upon head circumference, femur length, and gestational age. Longitudinal observations revealed a progressive lag in chest circumference growth among fetuses who proved to have pulmonary hypoplasia. The nomogram based on femur length provided sensitivity, specificity, and normal and abnormal predictive values of 80, 92, 92, and 89%, respectively. The results of this investigation suggest that fetal chest circumference measurement is a useful adjunct in establishing the diagnosis of lethal pulmonary hypoplasia.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Obstetrics and gynecology|
|State||Published - Feb 1989|