Predisposition to Petty Criminality in Swedish Adoptees: III. Sex Differences and Validation of the Male Typology

Sören Sigvardsson, C. Robert Cloninger, Michael Bohman, Anne Liis Von Knorring

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    77 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Sex differences in the inheritance of criminality were studied in 913 women and 862 men from the Stockholm Adoption Study. Our multivariate classification of genetic heterogeneity was validated in the female sample by confirmation of predictions derived from the men. The congenital antecedents of criminality were the same regardless of sex, but the congenital predisposition to criminality had to be more severe for a woman to be affected. Furthermore, the postnatal antecedents of criminality that were studied were qualitatively different in the two sexes. Prolonged institutional care and urban rearing increased the risk of criminality in women but not in men. In contrast, multiple temporary placements and low social status of the adoptive home increased the risk of criminality in men but not women. The antecedents of petty criminality and alcohol abuse were distinct in both sexes. Cross-fostering analysis indicated that postnatal factors were more important for criminality than for alcoholism in women. We discuss the overall significance of this series of reports and make suggestions for future research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1248-1253
    Number of pages6
    JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
    Volume39
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 1982

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